Crops, Browse and Pollinators in Africa: An Initial Stock-taking
Pollination is an ecosystem service that is key to food security. Pollinators are essential for many fruit and vegetable crops. In agriculture, especially amongst pollen-limited crops, promoting pollination services is a means of increasing productivity without resorting to expensive agricultural inputs of pesticides or herbicides. Indeed, pollination services are most likely underpinning productivity in many crops without farmers even recognising it, so long as habitat and alternative pollinator forage are readily available as they often are in smallholder farming systems.